Veneer is a thin wood layer of definite thickness, which is made by rotary peeling, slicing or cutting.
Only in the 19th century it became possible to mechanize methods of veneer production. Mark Isambar Brunelle obtained British patent on the handpower planning-machine in 1806, and then Henry Faverer created veneer lathe in 1818. In 1843 the first factory, equipped with simple saws, appeared in Germany. In the USA crossband veneer was firstly produced with the use of machine of 1,5 width at the beginning of the 19th century. In 1870 the production of crossband veneer began in France. In 1901 the Cramons began production of crossband veneer with the use of the first horizontal veneer lathe in Italy.
Still veneer production has always been a definite job.
Experience and professional skills play a crucial role in this job. High professional level is necessary to define and estimate quality of the timber in the rough, to decide a question of the opportunities in materials processing and to estimate the quality of end products.
The process of production of crossband veneer is following: moving knife planes previously fixed log. In such a way veneer slices of 0,2-2 mm width appear and then are put into flitches ( piles of veneer slices). Definite number of these piles form pallet.
1 - knife
2 - direction of slicing
3 - silver grains
4 - annual rings
Crossband veneer (plain-sawed from sapwood) (1/4 or 1/ 4 in Italian)
Crossband veneer (1/4 or 1/3, or 1/4 in French)
Crossband veneer (plain-sawed from spine) ( 1/4 in Swedish)
The process of production of peeled veneer is following: moving log revolves around previously fixed knife.
“Eccentric” peeling (1/4)
We use following types of veneer, producing our doors:
You can learn the details about the features of veneer we use in the article “The features of veneer we use in the production of the doors BELWOODDOORS”
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